Child Sexual Exploitation

Child sexual abuse is one of the most abhorrent crimes in our society.

Because of this, many people try to ignore it. But we cannot pretend these issues don’t exist. Here are some resources to take proactive steps against child abuse, and resources for healing as well.

Resources

National Center for the Sexual Behavior of Youth

The National Center on the Sexual Behavior of Youth (NCSBY) is a part of the Center on Child Abuse and Neglect (CCAN) in the Department of Pediatrics of the University of Oklahoma Health Sciences.

The mission of NCSBY is to promote better lives, through better choices by youth, caregivers, and professionals for healthier responses to and prevention of problematic sexual behavior of youth. NCSBY provides national training and technical assistance to improve the accuracy, accessibility, and strategic use of accurate information about the nature, incidence, prevalence, prevention, treatment, and management of youth with problematic sexual behavior.

NCSBY is also designed to disseminate the efforts of the OJJDP and the Office of Sex Offender Sentencing, Monitoring, Apprehending, Registering and Tracking (SMART)’s Youth with Sexual Behavior Problems Program. This program targets late childhood and early adolescence for implementing evidence-based, coordinated, comprehensive management and intervention strategies to address problematic sexual behavior of youth, the effects on child victims, and their families.

 

The Association for the Treatment of Sexual Abusers (ATSA)

The Association for the Treatment of Sexual Abusers is an international, multi-disciplinary organization dedicated to making society safer by preventing sexual abuse. ATSA promotes sound research, effective evidence-based practice, informed public policy, and collaborative community strategies that lead to the effective assessment, treatment, and management of individuals who have sexually abused or are at risk to abuse.

They offer a clearinghouse referral list for those looking for help for their children, youth and adults. Inquires can include for a specific language, special needs, geographic location. They can also refer to experts informed about local reporting law requirements if callers are concerned about a behavior and related reporting legalities.

Quick links to specific some of the relevant places on their website:

Multisystemic Treatment Services

Therapists work in the home, school and community and are on call 24/7 to provide caregivers with the tools they need to transform the lives of troubled youth. Research demonstrates that MST reduces criminal activity and other undesirable behavior. At the close of treatment, 87% of youth have no arrests.

Problematic Sexual Behavior – Cognitive Behavioral Therapy for School-aged Children

PSB-CBT-S is a family-oriented, cognitive-behavioral, psychoeducational, and supportive treatment group designed to reduce or eliminate incidents of problematic sexual behavior. This program involves the family or other support systems in the child’s treatment and requires weekly caregiver attendance and active participation, monitoring and supporting the child’s application of skills between sessions, and ongoing assessment of child progress in treatment.

Check with the Center on Child Abuse and Neglect (CCAN) in the Department of Pediatrics of the University of Oklahoma Health Sciences for help finding trained professionals.

 

Private In-patient Treatment Facilities

Star Guides is absolutely unique among therapeutic programs for teens because of its specific focus on diagnostic assessment and treatment of teen sexual and relational behavior issues offering counseling and therapy options for both males and females. Ages 13-22.

CAPSTONE TREATMENT CENTER is a Christ-centered, residential, behavioral-care program. We help families with sons ages 14-25 who struggle with a wide range of self-destructive behaviors; alcohol / drug abuse, problematic sexual behaviors including pornography; trauma and its symptoms – self harm, isolation, depression, anxiety; compulsive video gaming; and family issues that inhibit peace, harmony and quality relationships.

Neari Press & Training Center

NEARI Press & Training Center provides resources and training for the prevention of sexual violence. We are a source of practical, cutting-edge information for professionals and the public about promising and best-practice interventions for individuals with sexual behavior problems. We believe that by addressing healthy sexual development in children and adolescents, and responding to sexual behavior problems in children, adolescents, and adults, we can prevent sexual abuse before it is perpetrated.

 

Child Advocacy Centers – The National Children’s Alliance

National Children’s Alliance (NCA) is the national association and accrediting body for Children’s Advocacy Centers (CACs). A Children’s Advocacy Center is a child-friendly facility in which law enforcement, child protection, prosecution, mental health, medical and victim advocacy professionals work together to investigate abuse, help children heal from abuse, and hold offenders accountable.

CACs will definitely be able to help a victim of child sexual abuse and many are developing programs to help serve a youth with problematic or illegal sexual behavior. The NCA has made this a priority and many of the CACs around the country are developing programs.

Direct link to their webpage on PSB

 

Juveniles Who Commit Sex Offenses against Minors 

Bulletin published by the U.S. Department of Justice’s Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP).

This Bulletin draws on data from the Federal Bureau of Investigation’s National Incident-Based Reporting
System to provide population-based epidemiological information on juvenile sex offending.

It is OJJDP’s hope that the findings reported in this Bulletin and their implications will help inform the policy and practice of those committed to addressing the sexual victimization of youth and strengthening its prevention and deterrence—considerations that are critical to success. Their efforts to protect youth from victimization, or from becoming victimizers themselves, have our support and commendation.

 

The National Child Traumatic Stress Network

The National Child Traumatic Stress Network (NCTSN) was created to raise the standard of care and increase access to services for children and families who experience or witness traumatic events.

 

The Center for Sex Offender Management (CSOM)

The Center for Sex Offender Management (CSOM) is a national clearinghouse and technical assistance center that supports the public and state and local jurisdictions in the effective management of sex offenders who are adults and juveniles.

 

The National Juvenile Justice Network (NJJN)

The National Juvenile Justice Network (NJJN) leads a movement of state-based juvenile justice reform organizations and alumni of its Youth Justice Leadership Institute to fight for a fairer youth justice system that’s appropriate for youth and their families. NJJN advocates for policies and practices that treat youth in trouble with the law with dignity and humanity and which strengthen them, their families and their communities.

Other examples of experts/resources:

  • Su Robinson, LICSW, VT (Girls with Problematic Sexual Behaviors) – Su Robinson does not have a website. Her contact information is: surobin@hotmail.com 802-489-5826 x 17, New England Counseling & Trauma Associates, LLC, 5399 Williston Road, Suite 207, Williston, VT 05495. Robinson is a resource for those who work with girls with problematic sexual behaviors. Her work began in the 90’s in Colorado, but has been in Vermont since 2006. She authored the first workbook designed for adolescent females with sexually abusive behavior. Once Robinson moved to Vermont, she noticed how completely difference criminal justice and support services appeared to be in the two states. Robinson does assessments, psycho-sexual evaluations and individual treatment with girls/women. Like many therapists who work with these issues she started by doing groups and applying models that were designed for males. She learned the need to have female specific work and to provide treatment that is both trauma-informed and offense-specific.

 

  • Kevin Creedon, Whitney Academy In his training, “Can we teach these kids to dance? A developmental approach to youth with sexual behavior problems,” Creedon explores a wide range of topic areas including: the role of attachment, child development, neuro impact of trauma.

 

  • David Prescott; Trainings on best practices for treating adolescents who’ve offended

 

  • Tom Leversee, Colorado 40 years of working with youth and their families involved in juvenile justice system; also on the Colorado Sex Offender Management Board

 

  • Toni Cavanaugh Johnson known for her work on expected sexual development in children and clarification of what is problematic versus expected behaviors in childhood

 

  • Timothy Kahn, Connecticut – for children and young adolescents Pathways model; wrote “Pathways: A Guided Workbook for Youth Beginning Treatment”.

 

 

While may be tempting to think of treatment for youth who commit offenses as totally separate from treatment for those victimized, some families have both those who did the harm and those harmed. Imagine the added challenges for parents and caregivers when attempting to understand and to meet the needs of both.

  • ATSA (Association for Treatment of Sexual Abusers) treatment of people who are at risk to sexually offend as well as those who have sexually offended. Juvenile program includes work with children who display sexual behavior problems and adolescents who have engaged in sexually abusive behavior, or other sexual behavior problems.

 

  • Florida Action Committee Reforming Sex Offender laws– The purpose is to educate the media, our legislators and the public with the facts surrounding Sex Offender Issues. Our concern is for every citizen of Florida to enjoy a safer environment, particularly our children.

 

 

Safety Centers by Social Media or Digital Tools

The following organizations regularly feature Internet Safety updates as well as other parenting tips on their blogs:

Other Internet Safety Resources:

 

*If you or anyone you know is in immediate danger call 911

 

If You Suspect a Child is Being Harmed by RAINN

Advice on first steps to make a difference and help a child.

Report Child Sexual Exploitation CyberTipline by the National Center for Missing and Exploited Children

You can also contact the National Center for Missing & Exploited Children 24 hours a day at 1-800-THE-LOST (1-800-843-5678).

 

Tip Sheet: Warning Signs of Possible Sexual Abuse In A Child’s Behaviors by StopItNow! 

What to look for in the lives of children you know

 

 

  • Abuse Lawsuit Provides legal support and advocacy for survivors of institutionalized sexual abuse.

 

  • Child Justice, Inc. A non-profit oganization that advocates for children’ rights when the courts fail to protect them from abuse and domestic violence including CSA.

 

  • King County Sexual Assault Resource Center (King County, Washington) Legal Advocates for victims of sexual assault and their family members, including minors. Legal advocates will be available to answer questions, provide with information, and help navigate the legal system.

 

  • Legal Services for Children, Development of ARC (Advocacy, Relationship, Coordination), California (from website) For children who are victims of abuse and exploitation. Legal Services for Children (LSC) provides free legal and social services to children and youth in need. Each year, LSC serves over 2,500 children and provides comprehensive representation to approximately 600 youth. World Childhood Foundation supports the development of ARC (Advocacy, Relationship, Coordination) to enhance agency response to child trauma and part of establishing services at the Center for Youth Wellness.

 

 

  • Victims Right Center The center provides legal supports and serves as a catalyst for justice for every victim of any type of sexual violence.

ATSA, through its national line, and then member network, can provide local referrals for specifically trained therapist. Maia Christopher, Executive Director

 

Circles of Support and Accountability (Qualitative Evaluation) (COSA) A summary of COSA and related evaluations by Robin Wilson, explains that this model that grew from Canadian Mennonites and has gone international builds on restorative justice with professional supports and brings the community into assisting in risk management of released sex offenders. The evaluations point to increased accountability and greater safety for victims.

 

Stop it Now! Helpline http://www.stopitnow.org/get-immediate-help?color_box=width%3D600%26amp%3Bheight%3Dauto; (helpline)       http://www.stopitnow.org; (general) is primarily geared towards adults; it’s also a source for information and assistance for professionals and parents of youth who has problematic/harmful sexual behaviors.

 

StopSO, (Specialist Treatment Organization for the Prevention of Sexual Offending, UK)

These UK services are for anyone who feels at risk to commit a sex offense as well as those who have but who have not been caught. UK has different sets of reporting laws than the US and in various countries are look to ways to get those at risk to offend to seek help to not start or to stop harmful behaviors. On their website they outline the following ways to know “if therapy is for you”

  • You feel that your thoughts are worrying, and want help with them
  • You suffer stress, low self-esteem, depression or isolation
  • You worry that your behavior may escalate
  • Your behavior may be impacting on relationships, family and work
  • You feel on the brink of committing a sexual offence
  • You feel on the verge of losing everything
  • You are concerned that your behavior may become out of control
  • Other people may be at risk
  • Alcohol, drugs or other addictive behaviors may be increasing in an attempt to cope
  • You may be a man, or a woman, adult or adolescent
  • You may have had bad experiences of therapy in the past, and be reluctant to ‘try again’
  • You may know someone who is acting inappropriately

 

StopSO therapists are trained to work with everyone, in a non-judgmental way. They also offer family therapy and a range of resources for professionals who do this work

 

Self Help for those with Pedophilia (grass roots)

Self-help groups for those with pedophilia, or who struggle with problematic or compulsive behaviors but who haven’t acted, are one way for those seeking help to not harm a child can seek support to not act. Some of the groups have worked to build connections with professional associations of therapist and others have not. Some make it clear that an adult “having sex” with a child is always wrong. Most highlight the importance of seeking help so they do not harm a child.

 

ASAP Association for Sexual Abuse Prevention, Gary Gipson/Oregon, has goals of preventing sexual abuse by making therapy available to those with pedophilia before they ever act. Other goals are to educate the public and link non-offending pedophiles with therapist. Former website of theirs was “ilovechildren.net” which got a range of response from around the world.

 

Blue Rock Institute, for those who struggle with problematic and compulsive sexual behaviors including pedophilia or who are addicted to child pornography but who haven’t acted. Joan Tabachnick wrote a blog about founder Chuck Flinton

 

Virtuous Pedophiles (Nick Devlin) – This effort takes a hard line that sex with children is always harmful.

Circles of Parents, Circles of Parents split from another resource, Parents Anonymous. Circle of Parents are parent and care provider led support circles. According to Linda Johnson, PCAVT executive director, at their Circles of Parents program, the majority of parents (3/4) have histories of being sexually abused as children or adults and/or their children have been; and 25% are referred by Department of Children and Families or Family court and have been accused of hurting their one children – the rest self-refer. These groups are for all types of child maltreatment and neglect including child sexual abuse or related problematic behaviors. However, no perpetrators of sexual violence are permitted to join.

 

Inner Circle   offers support to friends and family facing the challenges of supporting someone who has offended. Inner Circle is a Support Group for Friends and Family of those who have offended.  This Group is Hosted at Project Pathfinder but facilitated by family members who have had to navigate the issues surrounding supporting and/or being involved with those who have sexually offended. Inner Circle is free of charge and is offered to the community at large, not just Project Pathway clients.

 

Mothers of Sexually Abused Children (MOSAC)  The MOSAC site is designed specifically for mothers who have experienced the sexual abuse of one of their children. Life is difficult for mothers following the disclosure of a child’s abuse, and they often have few, if any, resources available to them. This site is designed to be a comprehensive source of information about sexual abuse and to offer support and resources. (from website)

NEARI Parent to Parent Resources podcast by a range of issue experts and other tools for parents.

 

Nurturing Parent Programs: PCAVT modified version of their CSAP program to be specifically for at risk parents. They offer these programs about 70 times a year and also have contract to do them in men’s prison. The programs are multiple sessions, from 13-19 weeks.

Stop It Now! Help Line is for those looking for information, referrals for victims of CSA, youth or adults with problematic sexual behaviors; family members; professionals who work with them. The helpline is open 5 days a week from 12-6 and also can be reached via phone, email, social media and soon chat or text. Their updated website is a source of information for follow-up to callers or resources when the line is not active. They have a wide range of calls from parents wanting to know how to talk to their children about sexual abuse to an email from teens looking for help. As executive director, Jenny Coleman explained, we’ve had a teen who called saying, “Please help me. I will kill myself if I hurt a child and yet I have this interest in children.” The Stop It Now! Helpline networks with several other helplines to be able to offer more comprehensive services.

 

 

 

 

Families of children victimized, families of youth who’ve caused harm & families of adults who’ve sexually offended

 

While may be tempting to think of treatment for youth who commit offenses as totally separate from treatment for those victimized, some families have both those who did the harm and those harmed. Imagine the added challenges for parents and caregivers when attempting to understand and to meet the needs of both.

ATSA (Association for Treatment of Sexual Abusers) refers to trained therapists who serve non-offending parents/partners/family members.

 

Florida Action Committee Reforming Sex Offender laws– Gail Colletta, mother whose son sexually abused a child as an adolescent, he got a long sentence, the founder/mother is herself a survivor but concerned about FL laws as the affect youth

 

Reform Sex Offender Laws (RSOL) & Women Against Registry (WAR) are examples of grass root groups of individuals/families who’ve been negatively affected by a family member criminal history leading to that person being on the sex offender registry

 

 

 

 

 

 

Helplines & Hotlines

Hotlines and Helplines vary in scope from serving as referral and crisis lines with emphasis on reporting assistance to anonymous lines and offering short-term counselling/support and links to a broader range of services. Changing with technology, more such lines also offer ways to connect through chat and test and every changing digital and social media formats.

 

 

  • I in 6 for information and support for men who are survivors of child sexual abuse. 1 in 6 has CHAT page for help 24-7 with trained advocates. A number of the other help and hotlines refer adult male survivors of child sexual abuse to them.

 

  • 2-1-1 According to the United Way 2-1-1 website, 2-1-1 is a free, confidential service for people across North America to be linked to the local mental health services they need. The service is 24/7 and staffed by highly trained professionals.
    • When emailing their general line instead of entering zip code, state, city, county to find needed resources the return email says

If you are in need of 2-1-1 services, please dial 2-1-1 from your phone or use the search function at www.211.org to find the 2-1-1 center near you. If this is an emergency, please dial 9-1-1 or one of the following crisis hotlines:

National Suicide Prevention Hotline: 1-800-273-TALK (8255)

National Human Trafficking Hotline: Call 1-888-373-7888 ( TTY: 711)|Text 233733

  • FBI – Trafficking in Persons and Worker Exploitation Task Force

 

 

  • Resources for Individuals in the Sex Trade – This website hosts a list of resources may be able to help individuals with short-term solutions and a range of emergency services that may be able to help adults involved in the sex trade.

 

  • National Human Trafficking Referral Directory – The online National Human Trafficking Referral Directory is designed to provide access to critical emergency, transitional, and long-term social services for victims and survivors of human trafficking. The directory also connects individuals with training, technical assistance, and opportunities to get involved in their communities.

 

  • Polaris ProjectThe Polaris Project serves victims and survivors through the National Human Trafficking Hotline. They also provide information useful for recognizing human trafficking and victims.

 

  • International Justice Mission – IJM lawyers, investigators and aftercare professionals work with local officials to secure immediate victim rescue and aftercare, regarding slavery, sexual exploitation and other forms of violent oppression. IJM prosecutes perpetrators, and ensures that public justice systems – police, courts and laws – effectively protect the poor.

 

  • National Center for Missing and Exploited Children – NCMEC works with families, victims, private industry, law enforcement, and the public to assist with preventing child abductions, recovering missing children, and providing services to deter and combat child sexual exploitation.

 

  • Covenant House – Covenant House crisis shelters are open 24 hours a day with the promise of a hot meal, a warm bed and the chance to rebuild your life. With locations all over the US, Canada and parts of Latin America, Covenant House works in collaboration with the National Runaway Safeline (NRS) – a crisis care hotline that can provide you with assistance 24-hours a day, 7 days a week, 365 days a year.

 

 

  • Shared Hope International – Shared Hope International strives to prevent the conditions that foster sex trafficking, restore victims of sex slavery, and bring justice to vulnerable women and children.

 

  • Love146 – Love146 works toward the abolition of child trafficking and exploitation through prevention and aftercare solutions while contributing to a growing abolition movement.

 

  • Global Centurion – The Global Centurion fights modern day slavery and human trafficking by trying to reduce demand

 

  • Children of the Night – Children of the Night provides a nationwide resource where individuals can reach a skilled case worker 24/7 who knows how to rescue and relocate a child or young person from a dangerous condition without being arrested by the police. Their 24/7 nationwide toll-free case management services are comprehensive and able to help anyone trapped on the streets of the US.

 

  • Cherished – Cherished is a nonprofit organization run by survivors, which provides support, residential, employment, and transition programs.

 

  • The Samaritan Woman – A faith-based organization providing transitional, residential, and mentorship programs to women recovering from sex trafficking.

National Domestic Violence Hotline at 1-800-799-SAFE

National Sexual Assault Hotline at 1-800-656-HOPE

National Child Abuse Hotline at 1-800-25ABUSE

  • RAINN (Rape, Abuse & Incest National Network) – RAINN carries out programs to prevent sexual violence, help survivors, and ensure that perpetrators are brought to justice. Their National Sexual Assault Online Hotline (Open 24/7) provides free, confidential, help for sexual assault victims, and their friends and families. They can also help victims find local Crisis and Counseling Centers.

 

 

  • Male SurvivorMaleSurvivor offers support forums and chats, webinars, support groups, an empowerment blog, and helps victims get in touch with therapists, while also providing resources to family and friends of victims.

 

  • Survivors of Incest Anonymous – Suvivors of Incest Anonymous maintains a world-wide directory of SIA, self-help, support ​groups (meetings) information to start SIA groups, ​intergroups, and national service ​offices, which create and distribute SIA ​information tools.

 

  • Support For Partners – Support for Partners is helps provide support for partners of those who have been sexually abused as children, resources to develop skills that help partners in their relationships, and information about abuse and its effects.

 

  • Love is Respect – Love is Respect helps individuals recognize abusive relationships, and the warning signs of one. They also help create a safety plan, and provide advocates who can discuss relationships and available options

 

  • Child Help – Child Help provides prevention, intervention, and treatment programs for abused children.

 

 

 

  • Child Help – ChildHelp Speak up be safe increases children’s ability to recognize unsafe situations or abusive behaviors and builds resistance skills, lessons focus on helping children build a responsive safety network with peers and adults that the child identifies as safe.

 

 

  • National Center for Missing and Exploited Children – NCMEC works with families, victims, private industry, law enforcement, and the public to assist with preventing child abductions, recovering missing children, and providing services to deter and combat child sexual exploitation.

 

  • UNICEF – “UNICEF has established Millennium goals, which aim to improve children’s health, through protecting against abuse, exploitation and violence.”

 

 

  • RAINN Speakers Bureau – The RAINN Speakers Bureau is made up of more than 4,000 survivors of sexual violence who volunteer to share their stories.

 

  • Educate and Empower Kids – Educate and Empower Kids (EEK) provides resources to parents and educators as they guide their children in the digital age.

 

  • Good Pictures, Bad Pictures – Good Pictures Bad Pictures is a read-aloud story about what pornography is, why it’s dangerous, and how to reject it. Featuring easy-to-understand science and simple analogies, this internationally-acclaimed book engages young kids to porn-proof their own brains.

 

  • Enough is Enough – EIE has led the effort to confront online pornography, child pornography, child stalking and sexual predation with innovative initiatives and effective communications.

 

  • National Child Traumatic Stress Network – The National Child Traumatic Stress Network (NCTSN) was created to raise the standard of care and increase access to services for children and families who experience or witness traumatic events.

 

  • Know Your IX – Know Your IX is a survivor- and youth-led project of Advocates for Youth that aims to empower students to end sexual and dating violence in their schools.

 

  • Surviving Parents Coalition – The Surviving Parents Coalition is a parent-driven organization which lobbies for funding and legislation because they are essential to effective change

 

  • California Protective Parents Association – California Protective Parents Association (CPPA) was formed to ensure there would be an end to abuse in our family courts and children could be safe at home.

 

 

 

 

  • malesurvivor.org – Male Survivor provides examples of how men have learned to cope with and even overcome the effects of tramua. They also provide access to therapists, support groups and other resources.

 

 

  • RAINN (Rape, Abuse & Incest National Network) – RAINN carries out programs to prevent sexual violence, help survivors, and ensure that perpetrators are brought to justice. Their National Sexual Assault Online Hotline (Open 24/7) provides free, confidential, help for sexual assault victims, and their friends and families. They can also help victims find local Crisis and Counseling Centers.

 

Updates

STATEMENT – Twitter Sued by Survivor of Child Sexual Abuse and Exploitation 

Twitter Knowingly Distributed Plaintiff’s Abuse Videos and Refused to Remove Them   Washington, DC (January 20, 2021) – The National Center on Sexual Exploitation Law Center (NCOSE), The Haba Law Firm, and The Matiasic Firm have jointly filed a federal lawsuit against Twitter on behalf of a minor who was trafficked on the social media platform that boasts…

NCOSE Law Center Hits Twitter with Groundbreaking Sex Trafficking Lawsuit

Twitter, one of the most popular social media sites in the world with over 330 million users, has had a hand in the sexual exploitation of countless victims of abuse, coercion, and objectification on their platform. It is on behalf of one of these victims, John Doe, that the National Center on Sexual Exploitation Law…

VICTORY: TikTok’s New Privacy and Safety Features for Children

In January 2021, TikTok announced several enhanced privacy and safety settings for minors, making it more difficult for children to be groomed, sexually exploited, or abused through this extremely popular platform. TikTok’s announcement states “As young people start their digital journey, we believe it’s important to provide them with age-appropriate privacy settings and controls.” We couldn’t agree more. Since the…

Hands of a person opening the TikTok app on a smartphone

STATEMENT – NCOSE Applauds 2nd Lawsuit Filed Against Pornhub for Profiting from Sexual Abuse Material 

Washington, DC (January 13, 2021) – The National Center on Sexual Exploitation (NCOSE) is supportive of a lawsuit filed by an Ontario woman against Mindgeek, the parent company of Pornhub, for hosting child sexual abuse material (CSAM) and non-consensual sexual content. The lawsuit was filed in Quebec.   “Pornhub must be held accountable, and we commend this Canadian…

STATEMENT – Visa Prioritizes Profits from Abusive Pornography Industry  

Washington, DC (December 24, 2020) – The National Center on Sexual Exploitation (NCOSE) criticized Visa’s announcement that it would resume processing payments for MindGeek sites that “offer professionally produced adult studio content.” “The dark truth of Visa’s rosy announcement is that the company prioritizes profits from incest, racist, violent, and teen-themed pornography, the most common themes in professionally-produced…