Those who engage in on-screen pornography production are a much under-studied group. This study helps address that very wide gap. While the findings of this investigation do not provide proof of direct causation, it nevertheless provides an important contribution to the literature about pathways into, experiences within, and barriers to exit from the pornography industry.
Performing sex acts for something of value is, by definition, prostitution. Thus, performing pornography is a form of prostitution—prostitution for mass consumption.2 Not surprisingly, this study shows how the trajectory for entry into the pornography industry follows the well-worn path for entry into other forms of prostitution. Histories of sexual abuse, economic insecurity, young age, and poor mental health were the major factors identified in this study that precipitated entry into the pornography industry, risk factors strongly associated with entry into other forms of prostitution as well. This study further corroborates the fluidity of movement between pornography and other overlapping arms of the commercial sexual exploitation industry such as stripping.
Importantly, this study also noted how newer pornography websites share similarities with social media platforms, in that they allow sex buyers to interact with performers and request performance of sex acts on or offline. Thus, this study can be viewed as also providing insights into what is popularly referred to as “camming”—cyber prostitution.
Finally, the author also urged that buying sex acts be treated as a crime regardless of whether it occurs online or offline and called for prostitution legislation in Sweden to by updated accordingly. The author concluded, “Most importantly, women in pornography should be granted the same rights to protection and support as other survivors of prostitution.”